Concussion is a form of brain injury that occurs after a blow or jolt to the head that affects the way your brain functions. The nerves in your brain are overstretched or bruised due to the impact to your head. In some cases, depending on the severity of the impact to your head there might be some inflammation and swelling in your brain. Concussions are most commonly encountered in contact sports such as hockey, soccer, football or when in a motor vehicle accident. Depending on the severity of tissue damage and the area of brain that is injured your symptoms may differ.
Following concussion, it is advisable to visit your doctor or Emergency Room to rule out any serious injury to your brain. Typically, an MRI or CT Scan would be advised to rule out any serious injury to your brain.
Signs and Symptoms of Concussion:
Concussion and rest:
During the initial phases of recovery, the important part of concussion management is rest and activity pacing. Your brain is in a state of energy deprivation post-concussion. It’s very important that you give enough rest to your brain. However, this does not mean going into a dark room, and sleeping until you feel better. Long term effects of this approach are social anxiety, depression and fatigue.
It is important to refrain from any near screen visually stimulating activities. This includes excessive use of a phone, ipad, watching television, or using laptops. It’s also advisable to minimize reading from books or ipads. Alternatively, you can call instead of texting to minimize any visual stimulation that will delay the healing process. Visually stimulating activities stress your brain and consume tremendous energy.
Low demanding activities such as brisk walking should be done with rest periods in between to prevent any deconditioning.
Concussion Rehabilitation- What to expect from your Physiotherapist?
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The only way to prevent concussion is the Use of helmets, Fasten your seat belts while driving, proper lighting and handrails at home.
The best way to treat concussion is Rest and take time off work or school. Avoid strenuous physical or mental tasks. Avoid tiring activities such as heavy cleaning, exercising, working on the computer, or playing video games followed by Manual therapy, Vestibular and Visual Rehab and exercises
In cases where symptoms last longer than one or two months, doctors may diagnose Post-Concussion Syndrome
Post-concussion syndrome is a complex disorder in which various symptoms — such as headaches and dizziness last for weeks and sometimes months after the injury that caused the concussion.
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