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Physiotherapy Blog

I Have a Herniated Disk: Physio 101

September 14 | 2023
Posted by Sharon Tierney

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Herniated discs may also be referred to as slipped discs, or disc bulges. They can be a source of pain and fear for many people.  To understand a herniated disc, a quick anatomy lesson is needed, we have included a picture below to help. Between each of our vertebrae in our spine, there is a disc with a soft inner core (nucleus pulposus, and tougher outside (annulus fibrosus). The herniation refers to the soft layer protruding out, and may vary in size. In larger protrusions, it may put pressure against other structures in the area like the nerves, causing a variety of symptoms in the areas the nerve root gives sensation and motor function to. Herniated discs can occur anywhere along the spine but are are most common in the lower back (lumbar) region. What are the causes of a herniated disc? Firstly, age-related degeneration. With age, the intervertebral discs get…

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5 Ways Physiotherapy Can Help Manage Parkinson’s Disease

September 09 | 2023
Posted by Sharon Tierney

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What is Parkinson’s Disease? Parkinson’s Disease is a progressive neurological condition resulting in difficulty starting and maintaining movements in the body. Importantly, there is a loss of some neurons (brain cells) that contribute to coordinating muscles and creating smooth movements. As a result, individuals with this condition experience a range of symptoms that impair their strength, mobility,  flexibility, and posture. 4 hallmark features Tremors: Firstly, tremors are usually the initial symptom. The tremor is mostly when the body is resting, such as sitting, but may worsen over time to affect the individual while they’re performing other tasks like writing, eating, or shaving. Rigidity: Secondly, rigidity refers to stiffness of the muscles and joints. In Parkinson’s, it can affect the arms, legs, trunk, and even the face. Bradykinesia: Next, bradykinesia means slowness of movement which may include stopping or hesitating during movements. Postural Instability: Finally, difficulty balancing and correcting postural faults…

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Osgood-Schlatter’s Disease

August 30 | 2023
Posted by Sharon Tierney

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Osgood-Schlatter’s disease (OSD) is a fairly common condition in adolescents that results in knee pain and loss of function. Typically, it is characterized by pain and inflammation just below the knee, especially in individuals that are active and engage in sports and other physical activities.  As a result, this condition can be quite disruptive to a young athlete, who suddenly finds themselves unable to participate fully in practices or games due to pain. Specifically, in this blog, we will discuss causes, symptoms, and effective physiotherapy treatment of OSD.   What causes Osgood-Schlatter’s Disease? OSD is primarily an overuse injury causing the tendon under the knee, the patellar tendon, and the part of the bone it attaches to, the tibial tuberosity to become painful and inflamed. Eventually,  the tendon and bone experience repetitive traction and strain through high intensity movements such as running and jumping, and the tendon pulls on the…

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Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy

August 21 | 2023
Posted by Sharon Tierney

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Vestibular rehabilitation therapy is a therapeutical approach to deal with balance issues, dizziness caused due to vestibular dysfunction. It is an exercise-based program to help with: Gaze stability. Postural stability. Vertigo. Balance Gait. Improving daily activities of living affected due to vestibular dysfunction. Conditions treated: Vertigo. Post concussion related dizziness (MVA/Head injury). Dizziness seen in Elderly due to vestibular hypofunction. Psychogenic vertigo. Dizziness with uncertain cause. Conditions that would not benefit from Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy: Meniere’s disease. Labyrinthine pathology. Techniques used for Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy: CRP / Canalith repositioning procedure: It is a technique used when a client experiences vertigo…

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Runner’s Knee? How Physiotherapy Can Help!

August 18 | 2023
Posted by Sharon Tierney

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Runner’s Knee Runner’s knee or patellofemoral pain, is a common condition that often affects many individuals, especially of the active and athletic population. The knee pain can be minor to severe and may be felt during only certain activities such as sports, or with day-to-day tasks like climbing up and down stairs. In this blog, we will talk about the causes, symptoms and most importantly, how to treat this pain with physiotherapy. Cause of Patellofemoral Pain For most individuals, the pain is caused by a misalignment of the patella (knee cap) within the femur (thigh bone).…

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